GRADING REQUIREMENTS OF FINE AGGREGATES

Grading Requirement of fine Aggregates

The global village of the construction industry has been burgeoning around the most widely used construction material that is concrete. Concrete itself utterly depends on the properties of its constituents which therefore are intensely imperative to understand.

Fine aggregates, one of the principal constituents of concrete, are generally natural sand or crushed stone particles that pass through 4.75mm sieve (Sieve#4).

In this article, we will be fostering a prime specification of fine aggregates that is “Grading Requirements” 

What is grading

The grading also known as sieve analysis is simply an exploration of particle size distribution and represented as % passing from each sieve.

Grading Requirements Table [Reference: ASTM C33]

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) an international standards organization, in ASTM C33, specifies the percent passing limits for each sieve of fine aggregates.

Those specified limits are listed in the table given below:

Sr.No

Sieve #

Sieve Size

Percent Passing

01

3/8 in

9.5mm

100

02

No.4

4.75mm

95-100

03

No.8

2.36mm

80-100

04

No.16

1.18mm

50-85

05

No.30

600µm

25-60

06

No.50

300µm

5-30

07

No.100

150µm

0-10

08

No.200

75µm

0-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These specified limits are stated in Table-1 of ASTM C33.

Significance of Grading

The particle size of fine aggregates (sand) substantially governs the properties of concrete mix such as workability, pumping, placing, bond development and integrity of the resulted mass which are of prime importance while dealing with concrete.

Therefore, it is fundamental for every Civil Engineer to ably comprehend the basic grading requirements of fine aggregates which otherwise may ruffle various properties of concrete composition.

Other Key Parameters

*      It is preferable to have fine aggregates withe % passing in the average middle zone of %passing limit rather to be on the extreme ends.

*      The fineness Modulus of fine aggregates shall be in the range of 2.3~3.1.

*      The fine aggregates shall have not more than 45% passing any sieve and retained on the next consecutive sieve of those shown in the aforementioned table.